Claude Monet – Pioneer Impressionist

Claude Monet

Claude Monet is together with Pierre-Auguste Renoir, considered to be a pioneer among the impressionists.


Born: 1840 Nov. 14 in Paris, France
Dead: 1926 Dec. 5 in Giverny, France

Claude Monet was born in Paris, but at the age of five he and his family moved to Le Havre, situated on the coast of Normandie in France. There he went to secondary schools of art and he was well known amongst the locals for his charcoal caricatures which he sold for 10 to 20 Francs each. At the age of 18 he meets the artist Eugene Boudin who teaches him how to use oil paints and also "en plain air" (outdoor)-techniques for painting.

Four years later, 1862, Claude Monet becomes a student of Charles Gleyre at Atelier Gleyre in Paris. There he meets Bazille, Renoir and Sisley with whom he approaches art in a new way. They paint the effects of light with broken colour and rapid brush strokes. This technique and style later became known as Impressionism and it is Monet's painting Impression Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant) that has given the name.

Monet moves around quite a lot during his adult life and lives in different places, even countries, like England and Holland. He gets to know several art dealers in his lifetime who sometime supports him by buying his art. He also shows his work in different art exhibitions. Because of his income varies a lot, some years are good and some are lived in poverty.

When Claude Monet gets older he develops cataract, a clouding of the eye, and at the age of 83 he has two operations made that improves his sight a bit. The paintings from this period has a reddish tone, which can be due to his problem with his eyes.

His model Camille Doncieux, whom he later marries, bore him two children. They had one boy before they married and one boy in marriage. Camille is the model in many of his paintings, e.g. Camille (or "The Woman in the Green Dress") and "On the bank of the Seinne, Bennecourt". She dies only 32 years old, one year after their second child is born. Claude Monet paints her one last time, on her deathbed, "Camille Monet on her deathbed" 1879.

Later he remarries a widow of an art dealer he had known and she helps him to raise his two children alongside her own six. Monet dies of lung cancer at the age of 86.

Work by Claude Monet >click here

Camille or The Woman in the Green Dress (1866)

Le déjeuner sur l'herbe (1865-1866)

Flowering Garden at Sainte-Adresse, (1866)

Woman in a Garden, (1867)

Jardin à Sainte-Adresse, (1867)

Seine Basin with Argenteuil, (1872)

Impression Sunrise (1872)

Jean Monet on his hobby horse, (1872)

Poppies Blooming, (1873)

Madame Monet in a Japanese Costume, (1875)

Woman with a Parasol, (Camille and Jean Monet), (1875)

Camille Monet at her tapestry loom, (1875)

Argenteuil, (1875)

Saint Lazare Train Station, Paris, (1877)

Rue Montorgueil, (1878)

Camille Monet on her deathbed, (1879)

Vétheuil in the Fog, (1879)

Street in Vétheuil in Winter, (1879)

Lavacourt: Sunshine and Snow, (1879-1880)

La maison du pêcheur à Varengeville
(The Fisherman's house at Varengeville), (1882)

The Cliffs at Etretat, (1885)

Still-Life with Anemones, (1885)

The Port Coton Pyramids, (1886)

Port-Goulphar, Belle Île, (1887)

Haystacks, a series of 25 paintings, (1890-1891)

Poplars, a series of several paintings, (1891)

Rouen Cathedral, a series of several paintings, (1892-1894)

Branch of the Seine near Giverny, (1897)

Bridge over a Pond of Water Lilies, (1899)

Garden Path, (1902)

Houses of Parliament, London, (c. 1904)

Water Lilies, a series of approximately 250 oil paintings, (c. 1897-1926)

Palace From Mula, Venice, (1908)

Water-Lily Pond and Weeping Willow, (1916-1919)

Weeping Willow, (1918-1919)

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