Paintings by Caspar David Friedrich

Famous Paintings by
Caspar David Friedrich

Characteristical in paintings by Caspar David Friedrich: Romantic, dreamlike landscapes with a beautiful light. Melancholy and presence of death. Small figures, often with their back to the viewer. People in old German clothes. Thinly applied paint.

 

Chalk Cliffs on Rügen

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Year:
1818

Dimensions: 90.5x71 cm
Material: Oil on canvas
Movement: German Romanticism
Current location: Museum Oskar Reinhart am Stadtgarten, Switzerland

About the painting: This is one of Friedrich's brighter paintings. Friedrich married Christiane Caroline Bommer in 1818. While at their honeymoon the couple visited the island of Rügen in northern Germany. Friedrich composed this painting from sketches of different viewpoints on the island, as was often his method.


The Sea of Ice

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Year: 1823-1824
Dimensions: 96.7x126.9 cm
Material: Oil on canvas
Movement: German Romanticism
Current location: Kusthalle Hamburg, Germany

About the painting: Certainly one of the best known paintings by Friedrich, and also one of the most impressive. A ship has perished in the merciless Arctic landscape; it is the HMS Griper which Eward William Parry used in his expeditions to the North Pole. The painting was not well received however, it was considered too grim and radical.


Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon

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Year:1830-1835
Dimensions: 34x44 cm
Material: Oil on canvas
Movement: German Romanticism
Current location: Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
About the painting: This is one of several paintings in which Friedrich uses his Rückenfigur; the characters turn their backs to the viewer and stand silent in contemplation of nature. Many years earlier he made almost the exact same painting with two men in the foreground. Notice the traditional "Old German" clothes that the man is wearing, this is typical in paintings by Caspar David Friedrich and an expression of his political standpoint.


The stages of life

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Year: 1835
Dimensions: 72.5x94 cm
Material:Oil on canvas
Movement: German Romanticism
Current location: Museum der bildenden Künste, Leipzig, Germany

About the painting: The old man in the picture is Friedrich himself. Sitting down and holding a Swedish flag are his three children: Gustav Adolf, Agnes Adelheid and Emma. The younger man is the artist's nephew. Friedrich's wife is missing from the painting; by now their marriage was unhappy. Friedrich let five ships represent the time in life for each person in the picture.

 

 

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